Sanded and Filled - Describes an unfinished product which has been factory prepared for treatment. The finish is smooth and all open knot and shanks have been filled.
Sapwood - The wood near the outside of a tree, usually lighter in colour than heartwood.
Scotia - A concave or half round shape of timber usually supplied in 2 - 3m lengths in various hardwoods. Used to cover expansion gaps left around the perimeter of a wood floor.
Screed - A latex levelling compound that is used to create a clean level subfloor when installing floors.
Select Grade - Refers to the characteristics present and structural properties of raw timber being of select grade’. Also sometimes referred to as Classic grade. Select grade is term used to describe timber selected for colour which includes minimal knots and will represent less colour variation in a whole floor. (Read more about timber flooring grades here.)
Shake - A separation along the grain, the greater part of which occurs between the annual growth rings.
Smoked - A process used to darken wood floors during the drying process.
Softwoods - A term used to describe timber produced from needle and/or cone-bearing trees (conifers).
Solid - Individual strips or planks of timber made from 100% hardwood.
Solid Flooring - Made from boards which are single pieces of wood from top to bottom.
Species - The type of tree, such as oak, cherry or walnut.
Square - Flooring with edges that are not eased or bevelled.
Staining - Changing the colour of the wood through the application of transparent or semi-transparent liquids made from dyes, finely divided pigments or chemicals.
Stair Nosing - A finishing piece applied to the forward edge of stairs, step-downs and landings, creating a rounded quality finish. (Explore Havwoods stair nosings and profiles here.)
Subfloor - What a floor covering sits on - either concrete, floorboards, chipboard or brick.